England faces a month of nationwide lockdown restrictions from Thursday after Boris Johnson detailed new plans in a bid to combat coronavirus.
Pubs, restaurants, gyms, non-essential shops and places of worship will close, but schools, colleges and universities can stay open.
Mr Johnson is expected to deliver a statement in the Commons on Monday.
The announcement has sparked anger from some Tory MPs, and business leaders have warned of a “bleak midwinter”.Writing in the Sunday Telegraph, former Conservative leader Sir Iain Duncan Smith accused the prime minister of “giving in to the scientific advisers”.
Sir Iain said the Scientific Advisory Group for Emergencies (Sage) had “pressurised” the government into taking this decision, with its members “publicly lecturing” the government.
He urged Mr Johnson not to continue “encouraging businesses to reopen only to force them to lock down again”.Under the new restrictions:
People are being told to stay at home unless they have a specific reason to leave, such as work which cannot be done from home, and education
People are also allowed to leave home for exercise, medical reasons, food and other essential shopping, and providing care for vulnerable people or for volunteering
Meeting indoors or in private gardens will not be allowed
But individuals can meet meet one other person from another household outside in a public place
Pubs, bars, restaurants and non-essential retail will close but takeaways and click-and-collect shopping can remain open
Indoor and outdoor leisure facilities, such as gyms and swimming pools, will also close, along with entertainment venues
And personal care facilities, such as hair, beauty and nail salons, must close
Places of worship will close, unless they are being used for funerals, to broadcast acts of worship, individual prayer, formal childcare, or essential services such as blood donation or food banks
Construction sites and manufacturing workplaces can remain open
People are still allowed to form support bubbles
Children can move between homes if their parents are separated
Clinically vulnerable people are asked to be “especially careful” but people are not being asked to resume shielding
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Hours before the furlough scheme was due to end, the government said that it would be extended until December, covering 80% of employee wages.
Dame Carolyn Fairbairn, Confederation of British Industry director general, said extending furlough was a “vital step”, adding that affordable mass testing would be the “game-changer” for businesses, enabling more companies to stay open.
She said: “For many businesses, a second national lockdown marks the start of a bleak midwinter.”